Laparoscopic Surgery for Treating Gastrointestinal Disorders?

What are Piles?

Laparoscopy is an advanced surgical technique often used to diagnose and treat abnormalities or medical complications such as an infection, ectopic pregnancy, cyst, fibroids, endometriosis, or pelvic inflammatory disease. Laparoscopy comes in handy in case of an accident or an injury, where it helps detect any damage to the internal organs. There are instances where laparoscopy is even used in a biopsy (to collect the tissue sample).

The technique involves a small incision, often in the belly, through which a lighted tube(laparoscope) is inserted into the abdomen to analyze or treat the problem. The technique is relatively hassle-free, causing minimum discomfort to the patient. There are so many associated benefits that more and more people are choosing laparoscopy over other surgical procedures and open surgery. Contact Dr. Lohith U the Best Gastrointestinal surgeon in Bangalore & India. He is an expert in Advanced Laparoscopic & Robotic Surgical Techniques.

Laparoscopic Surgery for Gastrointestinal Problems

Laparoscopy surgery is often advised to treat gastrointestinal problems such as Diverticulitis, Crohn's disease, Colorectal Cancer, and Familial polyposis. Laparoscopy surgery may also be helpful in the case of severe constipation, bowel incontinence (a condition where a person fails to control bowel movements), or rectal prolapse.

As with most laparoscopic surgeries, the surgeon makes a few incisions in the abdomen. With the stomach inflated with carbon dioxide gas (to view the diseased organs better), a laparoscope and surgical instruments are placed via incisions to perform the surgery.

The different laparoscopic surgeries to treat gastrointestinal disorders include:

  1. Abdominoperineal Resection: For people with cancer affecting the anus or the lower part of the rectum, a surgeon may perform the Abdominoperineal Resection to eliminate the rectum and anus as the sigmoid colon.
  2. Proctosigmoidectomy: For people suffering from Diverticulitis and polyps, a Proctosigmoidectomy may be carried out to excise the affected part of the sigmoid colon or the rectum.
  3. Total abdominal colectomy: To treat conditions of Crohn's disease like Ulcerative colitis or Familial polyposis. Total abdominal colectomy involves the surgical removal of the large intestine (usually from the lower part of the ileum to the rectum), followed by stitching the end of the ileum and the rectum together).
  4. Right colectomy: Right Colectomy, also termed Ileocolectomy, involves the surgical removal of the right side of the colon or the large intestine. The excision also includes the end part of the small intestine (attached to the right side of the colon). The Right Colectomy is used to treat cancer, the symptoms associated with Crohn's disease, and polyps.
  5. Rectopexy: In the case of a rectal prolapse, where the rectum protrudes out of its original place, it takes a long way to stitch the rectum to its original position.
  6. Total proctocolectomy: To remove the large intestine, the rectum, and the anus. People with inflammatory problems of the colon, such as Crohn's disease or Ulcerative colitis, benefit from total proctocolectomy. A temporary ileostomy may follow the surgery to eliminate the wastes from the body.

Though digestive problems can be treated successfully with lifestyle changes or medications, some conditions may require laparoscopic surgery. Contact Dr. Lohith U the Best Gastrointestinal surgeon in Bangalore & India. He is an expert in Advanced Laparoscopic & Robotic Surgical Techniques.

Laparoscopic surgery is a minimally invasive procedure commonly used to treat gastrointestinal diseases. Unlike traditional surgery on the colon or other parts of the intestines, where a long incision down the center of the abdomen is required, laparoscopic surgery requires only tiny "keyhole" incisions in the stomach. As a result, the person undergoing the procedure may experience less pain and scarring after surgery and a more rapid recovery.

Dr Lohit Gastro